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Polycystic ovarian syndrome: diagnosis and treatment

Manjaree Pandey

Poly-cystic Ovarian Syndrome is the most common endocrine disorder in women during their childbearing years [1]. It is also known as hyperandrogenic anovulation or stein-leventhal syndrome. It is a lifelong health condition which continues after the reproductive age as well. It is caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones. The imbalance in these hormones creates problems in the ovaries which result either in the non development of the egg or the non ovulation of the egg. Women with poly cystic ovarian syndrome may have excess androgen levels or prolonged/ infrequent menstrual cycle [2]. This irregular menstrual cycle can lead to infertility (inability to get pregnant) or development of cysts in the ovaries. To be diagnosed with poly cystic ovarian syndrome, one should have at least two of these features.

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