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Considering the Complexity of Medical Geology When Evaluating Relationships Between Geological Risks and Health Outcomes

Mathew Hart*, Sarah Diaz, Kate Jenson

Medical geology studies the connections between specific geological exposure and disease. characteristics and the development of a variety of health problems, such as long-term arsenic exposure Skin conditions and cancers can be caused by contaminants in drinking water. While these relationships exist, some examples are well characterized, while others lack understanding of the specific geological component(s) triggering disease onset, necessitating further research. Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to highlight several important complexities in geological exposures and the development of related diseases that can complicate the linkage of exposure and health outcome data. Several approaches to dealing with these complexities are also proposed. Discussion: Many diseases associated with geological hazards have long-term exposure and long latent periods. When combined with long- or short-distance migrations over an individual's life, daily or weekly movement patterns, and small-scale spatial heterogeneity in geological characteristics, assigning exposure measurements to individuals becomes difficult. Supplementary methods, such as questionnaires, movement diaries, or GPS trackers, can aid medical geology studies by providing evidence for the most appropriate exposure measurement locations. Conclusions: Because of the complex and lengthy exposure-response pathways involved, as well as small-distance spatial heterogeneity in environmental components, interdisciplinary approaches to medical geology studies are required to provide robust evidence

संघों, समाजों और विश्वविद्यालयों के लिए सहकर्मी समीक्षा प्रकाशन pulsus-health-tech